Structural Organization in Animals Questions and Answers

QUESTION 5 How virus and viroid are different based on nucleic acid content
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
QUESTION 5 How virus and viroid are different based on nucleic acid content
The type of connective tissue in this slide is de Oa Dense irregular connective tissue O b Mucoid connective tissue OC Loose connective tissue O d Dense regular connective tissue Clear my choice
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
The type of connective tissue in this slide is de Oa Dense irregular connective tissue O b Mucoid connective tissue OC Loose connective tissue O d Dense regular connective tissue Clear my choice
A44G A11B A21P A35C A88T A2Y A8B A46Q A1Z
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
A44G A11B A21P A35C A88T A2Y A8B A46Q A1Z
A human blood cell 1 solute is placed in salt water 5 solute a Is the environment hypotonic hypertonic or isotonic circle b Is the cell hypotonic hypertonic or isotonic circle c What is the water concentration inside the cell d What is the water concentration outside the cell e Where is the water more concentrated inside or outside f Which direction will the water move into or out of the cell g What effect will this have on the cell h Is this an example of cytolysis or crenation circle
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
A human blood cell 1 solute is placed in salt water 5 solute a Is the environment hypotonic hypertonic or isotonic circle b Is the cell hypotonic hypertonic or isotonic circle c What is the water concentration inside the cell d What is the water concentration outside the cell e Where is the water more concentrated inside or outside f Which direction will the water move into or out of the cell g What effect will this have on the cell h Is this an example of cytolysis or crenation circle
5 Transgenic Bt crops have been genetically modified to a b C d e resist common herbicides have increased protein content produce an insecticide be tolerant of salt in the soil grow faster
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
5 Transgenic Bt crops have been genetically modified to a b C d e resist common herbicides have increased protein content produce an insecticide be tolerant of salt in the soil grow faster
Identify the missing label from the digestive system of the specimen shown below Mouth Select one Ospiracle Oanus Othorax O abdomen O prop Pharynx Esophagus Gizzard Intestine
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Identify the missing label from the digestive system of the specimen shown below Mouth Select one Ospiracle Oanus Othorax O abdomen O prop Pharynx Esophagus Gizzard Intestine
Question 4 The double helical structure of the DNA is antiparallel What does that mean Both strands of the DNA molecule end on the same carbon of the deoxyribose sugar One strand of the DNA molecule ends on the fifth carbon and its complementary strand ends on the third carbon O The nitrogenous base binds to its complementary based by hydrogen bonding for instance A binds to T and C binds to G
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Question 4 The double helical structure of the DNA is antiparallel What does that mean Both strands of the DNA molecule end on the same carbon of the deoxyribose sugar One strand of the DNA molecule ends on the fifth carbon and its complementary strand ends on the third carbon O The nitrogenous base binds to its complementary based by hydrogen bonding for instance A binds to T and C binds to G
Question 9 Microtubule Dynamics Imagine that you have found a small molecule inhibitor that disrupts binding of GTP to tubulin Imagine that you add this small molecule inhibitor in the middle of an experiment where you are looking at microtubule growth and dynamics over time like a tubulin polymerization assay Would this molecule enhance the dynamic instability of microtubules
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Question 9 Microtubule Dynamics Imagine that you have found a small molecule inhibitor that disrupts binding of GTP to tubulin Imagine that you add this small molecule inhibitor in the middle of an experiment where you are looking at microtubule growth and dynamics over time like a tubulin polymerization assay Would this molecule enhance the dynamic instability of microtubules
24 Volcanoes have a positive service function by a Replenishing soil with nutrients b Lava flows creating ghost forests for us to marvel Allowing fluorine in water that is ultimately good for our teeth Volcanoes serve no positive function just ask the people at Pompeii d 25 A lahar can best be described as Flow of gas and hot ash Hot lava flow moving very fast A flow of hot mud with the consistency of wet cement d A rain of volcanic ash whose weight can cause roofs to collapse 26 Shield cones are most likely to form from Effusive eruptions from a central vent b Explosive eruptions from a central vent C Culminating pyroclastic eruptions d Lahars 27 Calderas form when A fissure C a b C erupt happens b Mafic magmas are heavy and sink Magma chamber empties and volcanic edifice collapses Lava flows are greater than pyroclastic flows during an eruptive episode a a C C d a 28 The distance inland that a tsunami travels is known as A local tsunami event b A distant tsunami event a Tsunami run up d Hydraulic displacement 29 A normal fault occurs as a result of Tensional stress the hanging wall moves down relative to the foot wall b Tensional stress the hanging wall move relative to the footwall c Compressive stress the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwal d Compressive stress the hanging wall move up relative to the footwall
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
24 Volcanoes have a positive service function by a Replenishing soil with nutrients b Lava flows creating ghost forests for us to marvel Allowing fluorine in water that is ultimately good for our teeth Volcanoes serve no positive function just ask the people at Pompeii d 25 A lahar can best be described as Flow of gas and hot ash Hot lava flow moving very fast A flow of hot mud with the consistency of wet cement d A rain of volcanic ash whose weight can cause roofs to collapse 26 Shield cones are most likely to form from Effusive eruptions from a central vent b Explosive eruptions from a central vent C Culminating pyroclastic eruptions d Lahars 27 Calderas form when A fissure C a b C erupt happens b Mafic magmas are heavy and sink Magma chamber empties and volcanic edifice collapses Lava flows are greater than pyroclastic flows during an eruptive episode a a C C d a 28 The distance inland that a tsunami travels is known as A local tsunami event b A distant tsunami event a Tsunami run up d Hydraulic displacement 29 A normal fault occurs as a result of Tensional stress the hanging wall moves down relative to the foot wall b Tensional stress the hanging wall move relative to the footwall c Compressive stress the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwal d Compressive stress the hanging wall move up relative to the footwall
Cell 7 Dep Vary axis mount 38x415 35 C 45 C 60 3 9 0 108 2 4 0 108 1 3 0x108 10 Organism 30 c E CO m luteus 0 5 1 5X1 0 5 1 5x108 P Fluorescens 105 4 5x1080 1 0 3 0 x1018 010 B stearothem olo 0 0 10 1 0 1 0 3 0x108 010
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Cell 7 Dep Vary axis mount 38x415 35 C 45 C 60 3 9 0 108 2 4 0 108 1 3 0x108 10 Organism 30 c E CO m luteus 0 5 1 5X1 0 5 1 5x108 P Fluorescens 105 4 5x1080 1 0 3 0 x1018 010 B stearothem olo 0 0 10 1 0 1 0 3 0x108 010
Choose the appropriate answer The store near my house is popular for custom made glasses custom made glasses O custom made glasses customing glasses
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Choose the appropriate answer The store near my house is popular for custom made glasses custom made glasses O custom made glasses customing glasses
As you see in Figure 10 20 the plasma membrane of the muscle cell AKA the sarcolemma extends into the muscle cell so that the action potential can travel deep into the cell along the axon terminal motor end plate T tubule terminal cisternae
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
As you see in Figure 10 20 the plasma membrane of the muscle cell AKA the sarcolemma extends into the muscle cell so that the action potential can travel deep into the cell along the axon terminal motor end plate T tubule terminal cisternae
ing eggs males releasing sperm has two phenotypes controlled by two genes gene V controls venom production gene S controls spines length Mating between females of a true breeding population with venomous short spines and males of another true breeding population with non venomous long spines is achieved by placing them in the same aquarium The resulting F individuals are allowed to mate with each other to produce an F2 generation consisting of 300 venomous short spine urchins and 100 non venomous long spine urchins What can you conclude Mark all that applies O The alleles assort randomly The S and V genes are sex linked There were no observable crossover events between the genes O The genes are tightly linked O The genes are unlikely to be syntenic Question 15 The two alleles of the V gene of Urchinus marinus O are unlikely to be in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium O exhibit incomplete dominance recessive relationship with heterozygotes having an intermediate phenotype between those of the two homozygotes are co dominant 4 5 pts O exhibit complete dominance recessive relationship with the venomous phenotype being dominant are epistatic in regard to the two allolog of a
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
ing eggs males releasing sperm has two phenotypes controlled by two genes gene V controls venom production gene S controls spines length Mating between females of a true breeding population with venomous short spines and males of another true breeding population with non venomous long spines is achieved by placing them in the same aquarium The resulting F individuals are allowed to mate with each other to produce an F2 generation consisting of 300 venomous short spine urchins and 100 non venomous long spine urchins What can you conclude Mark all that applies O The alleles assort randomly The S and V genes are sex linked There were no observable crossover events between the genes O The genes are tightly linked O The genes are unlikely to be syntenic Question 15 The two alleles of the V gene of Urchinus marinus O are unlikely to be in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium O exhibit incomplete dominance recessive relationship with heterozygotes having an intermediate phenotype between those of the two homozygotes are co dominant 4 5 pts O exhibit complete dominance recessive relationship with the venomous phenotype being dominant are epistatic in regard to the two allolog of a
The following cladogram shows the evolutionary relationships among several animals Selected derived characters are labeled on the cladogram Platypus Kangaroo Monkey Fox Hummingbird Crocodile Lactation Choose 1 answer Pouch Pouch Viviparity Based on the cladogram which of the following derived characters is shared by kangaroos and foxes but is not present in platypuses Lactation Viviparity Feathers Two post orbital fenestrae
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
The following cladogram shows the evolutionary relationships among several animals Selected derived characters are labeled on the cladogram Platypus Kangaroo Monkey Fox Hummingbird Crocodile Lactation Choose 1 answer Pouch Pouch Viviparity Based on the cladogram which of the following derived characters is shared by kangaroos and foxes but is not present in platypuses Lactation Viviparity Feathers Two post orbital fenestrae
17 What can you conclude about the current state of US economy if the actual unemployment rate is 3 when the natural rate of unemployment is 5
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
17 What can you conclude about the current state of US economy if the actual unemployment rate is 3 when the natural rate of unemployment is 5
On a picture showing a loose connective tissue the empty space between the cells and fibers would be filled with a gel like substance known as adipose hydroxyapatite ground substance
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
On a picture showing a loose connective tissue the empty space between the cells and fibers would be filled with a gel like substance known as adipose hydroxyapatite ground substance
To classify epithelial tissues you ask 2 questions about what you see in the picture If there is only 1 layer of cells in the epithelial tissue we call it Ocolumnar transitional simple stratified
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
To classify epithelial tissues you ask 2 questions about what you see in the picture If there is only 1 layer of cells in the epithelial tissue we call it Ocolumnar transitional simple stratified
1 3 Skin cells and liver cells contain different sets of enzymes Which of the 1 po following conclusions can be made based on this information O Skin cells and liver cells can contain different numbers of chromosomes Skin cells and liver cells have different cell membrane compositions Skin cells and liver cells can perform different chemical reactions Skin cells and liver cells have different numbers of mitochondria
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
1 3 Skin cells and liver cells contain different sets of enzymes Which of the 1 po following conclusions can be made based on this information O Skin cells and liver cells can contain different numbers of chromosomes Skin cells and liver cells have different cell membrane compositions Skin cells and liver cells can perform different chemical reactions Skin cells and liver cells have different numbers of mitochondria
What is the BEST term to describe what is seen in the image below Select one O Replicated Chromosome O Bivalent O Chromosome O None of these are the correct term Chromatid
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
What is the BEST term to describe what is seen in the image below Select one O Replicated Chromosome O Bivalent O Chromosome O None of these are the correct term Chromatid
Label the figures below with the correct regional terms which are listed on the Module Wrap Up Use your textbook as a reference 4 23 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 225 17 18 25 26 28 29 27 19 31 30 36 38 39 L 183 40 7 32 44 45 146 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY 41 42 43
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Label the figures below with the correct regional terms which are listed on the Module Wrap Up Use your textbook as a reference 4 23 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 225 17 18 25 26 28 29 27 19 31 30 36 38 39 L 183 40 7 32 44 45 146 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY 41 42 43
8 When probing the leech which section of the neuron responded to the brush ex 1 mark central or outside neurons
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
8 When probing the leech which section of the neuron responded to the brush ex 1 mark central or outside neurons
Which structures are highlighted O myenteric plexus O smooth muscle fibers longitudinal layer O nuclei smooth muscle fibers circular layer PP
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Which structures are highlighted O myenteric plexus O smooth muscle fibers longitudinal layer O nuclei smooth muscle fibers circular layer PP
Which structures are highlighted O skeletal muscle fibers O intercalated discs Ostriations Onuclei SUZS 3
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Which structures are highlighted O skeletal muscle fibers O intercalated discs Ostriations Onuclei SUZS 3
of the following trees show the same hypothesis as the original will III attle with original Gibbons II Gibbons Orangutan Gorilla Orangutan Bonobo chimps Human Bonobo chimps Human Gorilla Common chimps Common chimps I Gibbons Orangutan Gorilla Orangutan Human Gorilla Common chimps Bonobo chimps Human Bonobo chimps Common chimps Gibbons
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
of the following trees show the same hypothesis as the original will III attle with original Gibbons II Gibbons Orangutan Gorilla Orangutan Bonobo chimps Human Bonobo chimps Human Gorilla Common chimps Common chimps I Gibbons Orangutan Gorilla Orangutan Human Gorilla Common chimps Bonobo chimps Human Bonobo chimps Common chimps Gibbons
A clavicle B vertebrae OC ribs The D cranium Question 22 1 point 4 Listen is the only facial bone with a sinus OA ethmoid OB mandible OC maxilla belongs to the appendicular skeleton D sphenoid
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
A clavicle B vertebrae OC ribs The D cranium Question 22 1 point 4 Listen is the only facial bone with a sinus OA ethmoid OB mandible OC maxilla belongs to the appendicular skeleton D sphenoid
7 Rheumatoid Arthritis usually affects joints bilaterally e both the right and left wrist whereas Osteoarthritis often affects joints on one side only i e only the right wrist in someone right handed For both diseases explain why
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
7 Rheumatoid Arthritis usually affects joints bilaterally e both the right and left wrist whereas Osteoarthritis often affects joints on one side only i e only the right wrist in someone right handed For both diseases explain why
4 2 3 O Provide strength and resistance in multiple directions along lines of stress Cushions opposing ends of bones during movement and stress Is a solid structure that has great strength and resistance in mostly one direction Am
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
4 2 3 O Provide strength and resistance in multiple directions along lines of stress Cushions opposing ends of bones during movement and stress Is a solid structure that has great strength and resistance in mostly one direction Am
In which skeleton is the femur the thickest of the major long bones bat cat human pigeon
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
In which skeleton is the femur the thickest of the major long bones bat cat human pigeon
What is the best definition description of short bones As long as they are wide O O Thin flattened and a bit curved O Longer than they are wide Have a complicated shape
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
What is the best definition description of short bones As long as they are wide O O Thin flattened and a bit curved O Longer than they are wide Have a complicated shape
Listen What structure is labeled as 8 2 3 4 5 1 Comm Langerhans cell Dendritic cells Stratum corneum Melanocyte Stratum spinosum Merkel cell Tactile epithelial cells O Stratum granulosum Keratinocyte Stratum basale 6 7 8 9
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Listen What structure is labeled as 8 2 3 4 5 1 Comm Langerhans cell Dendritic cells Stratum corneum Melanocyte Stratum spinosum Merkel cell Tactile epithelial cells O Stratum granulosum Keratinocyte Stratum basale 6 7 8 9
What structure is labeled as 8 5 12 1 2 3 4 19 6 4 18 17 O Free nerve ending O Papillary layer of dermis O Sensory nerve fiber O Dermal papillae Epidermis Arrector pili muscle O Reticular layer of dermis Meissners Tactile corpuscle Pacinian Lamellar corpuscle Hypodermis 8 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
What structure is labeled as 8 5 12 1 2 3 4 19 6 4 18 17 O Free nerve ending O Papillary layer of dermis O Sensory nerve fiber O Dermal papillae Epidermis Arrector pili muscle O Reticular layer of dermis Meissners Tactile corpuscle Pacinian Lamellar corpuscle Hypodermis 8 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
5 tissue found located 3 OEpiglottis auricle of external ear O Lines the ureters urinary bladder O Covers the ends of long bones forms costal cartilage Tendons most ligaments Trachea upper respiratory tract 4 Center of epiphyses of long bones marrow cavity of diaphysis of long bones diploe of flat bones O Under skin around kidneys O Outside region of osseous tissue Under epithelia 1 of the digestive tract gallbladder 2
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
5 tissue found located 3 OEpiglottis auricle of external ear O Lines the ureters urinary bladder O Covers the ends of long bones forms costal cartilage Tendons most ligaments Trachea upper respiratory tract 4 Center of epiphyses of long bones marrow cavity of diaphysis of long bones diploe of flat bones O Under skin around kidneys O Outside region of osseous tissue Under epithelia 1 of the digestive tract gallbladder 2
Where is this type of tissue found located 6 8 9 3 2 O Kidney tubules ducts and secretory portions of small glands Trachea upper respiratory tract O Largest ducts of sweat glands mammary glands Under epithelia O Moist linings of the esophagus mouth and vagina Kidney glomeruli air sacs of the lungs OSmall amounts in male urethra Lines the ureters urinary bladder 5 O Most of the digestive tract gallbladder of feet 4 1
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Where is this type of tissue found located 6 8 9 3 2 O Kidney tubules ducts and secretory portions of small glands Trachea upper respiratory tract O Largest ducts of sweat glands mammary glands Under epithelia O Moist linings of the esophagus mouth and vagina Kidney glomeruli air sacs of the lungs OSmall amounts in male urethra Lines the ureters urinary bladder 5 O Most of the digestive tract gallbladder of feet 4 1
2 1 Air sacs O Squamous epithelial cells O Plasma membrane Nucleus 3
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
2 1 Air sacs O Squamous epithelial cells O Plasma membrane Nucleus 3
swayback lordosis kyphosis scoliosis Question 40 2 points 4 Listen A congenital abnormality in which the right and left halves of the palate do not fuse medially is called colles palate
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
swayback lordosis kyphosis scoliosis Question 40 2 points 4 Listen A congenital abnormality in which the right and left halves of the palate do not fuse medially is called colles palate
Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy hunchback lordosis kyphosis scoliosis
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy hunchback lordosis kyphosis scoliosis
underlying connective tissue proper and are therefore simple organs and lining membranes consist of an epithelium bound to an True False Question 16 2 points 10 Listen Where are apocrine glands located in the human body Obeneath the flexure lines in the body in all body regions and buried deep in the dermis in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet in the
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
underlying connective tissue proper and are therefore simple organs and lining membranes consist of an epithelium bound to an True False Question 16 2 points 10 Listen Where are apocrine glands located in the human body Obeneath the flexure lines in the body in all body regions and buried deep in the dermis in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet in the
glands produce a viscous secretion that consists of sweat fatty substances and proteins Eccrine Sweat Glands Apocrine Sweat Ceruminous Sebaceous
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
glands produce a viscous secretion that consists of sweat fatty substances and proteins Eccrine Sweat Glands Apocrine Sweat Ceruminous Sebaceous
Evolution is best defined as a the inheritance of an acquired characteristic Ob any change to the genetic composition of a population c an increase in complexity over time d the tendency for
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Evolution is best defined as a the inheritance of an acquired characteristic Ob any change to the genetic composition of a population c an increase in complexity over time d the tendency for
querulous means having the quality of complaining being argumentative what is the meaning of meticulous A having the quality of being thorough B having the quality of being lucid C having the quality of being rational D having the quality of being untruthful
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
querulous means having the quality of complaining being argumentative what is the meaning of meticulous A having the quality of being thorough B having the quality of being lucid C having the quality of being rational D having the quality of being untruthful
Which structure of the leaf allows the plant to evaporate water thus cooling the plant in the heat xylem tissue Ostomata Ocuticle epidermis
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Which structure of the leaf allows the plant to evaporate water thus cooling the plant in the heat xylem tissue Ostomata Ocuticle epidermis
What are some of the features of the dermal papillae that you observed on this slide and how do those features affect the surface of the skin 0 Word
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
What are some of the features of the dermal papillae that you observed on this slide and how do those features affect the surface of the skin 0 Word
Who was most likely to pursued the interests of one s party one s state and one s personal interests all together O An honest graft A dishonest graft
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Who was most likely to pursued the interests of one s party one s state and one s personal interests all together O An honest graft A dishonest graft
In animals one of the first things to form is the A extremities fingers toes B reproductive system C nervous system D gastric system
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
In animals one of the first things to form is the A extremities fingers toes B reproductive system C nervous system D gastric system
Phylum Annelida A Food OUde M Savalli A B C D E F G H I selec intestine sele nephridium sele pharynx seminal receptacle sele hearts sele sele sele sele sele Dorsal Blood Vessel calciferous gland gizzard crop prostomium seminal vesicles typhlosole select answer B J C Markup Form Filling IG H KDE Search
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Phylum Annelida A Food OUde M Savalli A B C D E F G H I selec intestine sele nephridium sele pharynx seminal receptacle sele hearts sele sele sele sele sele Dorsal Blood Vessel calciferous gland gizzard crop prostomium seminal vesicles typhlosole select answer B J C Markup Form Filling IG H KDE Search
A Question 4 1 point Retake question Listen Which of the following animals do NOT have a body cavity coelom or pseudocoelom Check all that apply Nematoda Platyhelminthes
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
A Question 4 1 point Retake question Listen Which of the following animals do NOT have a body cavity coelom or pseudocoelom Check all that apply Nematoda Platyhelminthes
Study the following timeline A Industrialization Beginning in 1760s B The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860 C World War I 1910s C World War II 1940s The Progressive Movement was a group of reform efforts aimed at correcting the problems caus during which era in American History O A OC and D A and B
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Study the following timeline A Industrialization Beginning in 1760s B The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860 C World War I 1910s C World War II 1940s The Progressive Movement was a group of reform efforts aimed at correcting the problems caus during which era in American History O A OC and D A and B
Question 5 Points 2 Why did divorce rates increase after the war Men experienced so much violence that they could not overcome it after they got back home to the wives Economic hardship and unemployment rates influenced divorce rates The new roles of women in society affected the adjustment after men came back from war
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Question 5 Points 2 Why did divorce rates increase after the war Men experienced so much violence that they could not overcome it after they got back home to the wives Economic hardship and unemployment rates influenced divorce rates The new roles of women in society affected the adjustment after men came back from war
Base your answer to the question on the diagrams below and on your knowledge of biology The diagrams represent some of the systems that make up the human body 1 A similarity between these systems is that they all 2 3 System A 4 System B System C are made of cells that are identical in structure and function System D contain organs that work independently from other organs in that system work together to maintain a stable internal environment are separate and do not interact with other body systems
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
Base your answer to the question on the diagrams below and on your knowledge of biology The diagrams represent some of the systems that make up the human body 1 A similarity between these systems is that they all 2 3 System A 4 System B System C are made of cells that are identical in structure and function System D contain organs that work independently from other organs in that system work together to maintain a stable internal environment are separate and do not interact with other body systems
The coefficient of relatedness r can range from 0 for unrelated individuals to 1 for clones identical twins if B is the benefit to the recipient anung to another member of the same species and C is the cost to the donor for helping then Hamilton s rule which suggests whether a particular helpin when the helping behavior is likely to survive and be cost efficient population or decline in usage as it is Unfit is expressed as OrB C OrB C O BrC
Biology
Structural Organization in Animals
The coefficient of relatedness r can range from 0 for unrelated individuals to 1 for clones identical twins if B is the benefit to the recipient anung to another member of the same species and C is the cost to the donor for helping then Hamilton s rule which suggests whether a particular helpin when the helping behavior is likely to survive and be cost efficient population or decline in usage as it is Unfit is expressed as OrB C OrB C O BrC